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Wildlife of India

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Palamu Tiger Reserve - Spread across an area of 1026 sq. kms, Palamau Tiger Reserve is located in the south Chotanagpur palteau of Bihar. The major attraction of the park includes gaur, chital, elephants, tiger, panther, sloth bear, wild bear, sambar, nilgai and deer. Palamau National Park is now a part of one of nine tiger reserves in India, under "Project Tiger".
The entire area has a good distribution of bamboo breaks. The herbarium recently prepared by the Tiger Reserve authority records a good number of medicinal plants. There are good motorable roads inside the park, ground level hides and towers that offer the tourists a close view of the wild in the dense forests. 


Bandipur National Park - The national parks of Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai are contiguous and share very similar characteristics. A fourth national park, Wynad, also adjoins them. Together they form the largest protected area for the Indian Elephant, Gaur, Tiger and Leopard in South India. Other large mallams include Liontail Macaque, Wild Boar and Sambar. The parks occupy a NW-SE alignment, with Nagarhole national park at the top, Bandipur in the middle and Mudumalai at the bottom. 

The drier SE corner of Bandipur National Park has scrub forests. During the dry months of March-May, Indian Elephants stay close to rivers and lakes. At this time of year, Indian Elephant sightings are unsurpassed in Nagarhole National Park, especially if you are staying at the Kabini River Lodge in Karapur. Nearby, at Mastigudi large gatherings of 100 or so Indian Elephants on the banks of the Kabini Lake are known, a sight unrivalled anywhere. Bandipur National Park is probably the best place in the subcontinent for seeing Dhole, and the Indian Giant Squirrel can be seen at Mudumalai, lying curled in trees holes or crooks of brances during the day. 
It is  Open year round, the best period being October-May, especially April-May.

Nagarhole and Madumalai National Park - In Karnataka, the two attractive wildlife parks of Nagarhole and Bandipur, though separate entities, are part of a larger contiguous wildlife reserve that includes the Mudumalai Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu and the Wynad Reserve in Kerala. Both the parks are easily accessible from Mysore.

At Nagarhole national park, too, there are excellent facilities for viewing wildlife and large groups of gaur, elephant, sambar, chital and even the occasional tiger or leopard are seen. Among other mammals are the muntjac, the tiny mouse deer, wild boar, pangolin, giant squirrel, slender loris, langurs and macaques. The Park has about 250 species of birds and the Malabar trogan, the Malabar Herd of elephants pied hornbill, the great black woodpecker, the Indian pitta and the green imperial pigeon are part of its avian variety. Lesser cats like the jungle cat, leopard cat and rusty spotted cat are also resident species.


Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary -  Established in the year 1950 and is named after the Periyar river. Situated in Idukki district, it is spread over 250sq km. The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary at Thekkady surrounding the picturesque Periyar lake, near the Tamil Nadu border in Kerala, was designated a part of Project Tiger in 1973 and is one of the Project Tiger Reserves in India. 

Periyar national park is famous for its scenic beauty. It is covered with dense evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests interspersed with grass lands on the upper slopes. Periyar is probably one of the few places, where one can observe the elephants in their natural surroundings. It is very much known for the tusk less elephants. The animals found in the park are elephant, gaur, sambar, bison, barking deer, Nilgiri languor, pig, tiger, panther, leopard, sloth, bear, jungle cat, small Indian civet and Malabar squirrel macaque. 

There is a variety of birds in the park including the great Indian hornbill, Indian darter, king fisher, black necked storks, butterflies etc. The tiger and leopard are sighted when the forest water holes dry up and these animals come and drink water from the river. 
The best months for visiting the park are from October to April. There is facility for boating. The ideal times for cruise is the dawn and dusk. Elephant rides and jeeps are also available. The ride on an elephant is more to see than the boat trip. There is a special viewing platform inside the forest.

Eravikulam National Park - The Eravikulam National Park (15 kms from Munnar) is situated in the Devikulam Taluk of the Idukki District. The park lies along the high ranges of the western coast in the Munnar Forest Division of Idukki district in Kerala. It is situated on the border of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the north where it extends as the Annamalai National Park. The mountains covered with the rolling grasslands and high level sholas is breath-takingly beautiful. This park spread over an area of 97 sq.km, was established to protect the Nilgiri Tahr also known as the Nilgiri Ibex. The Rajamala is the natural habitat of this rare mountain goat. Half the world population of the endangered Nilgiri Tahr (Hemitragas hylocres) lives here. (Around 1317, according to the 1991 census). It was declared as a sanctuary in 1975. Considering the ecological, faunal, floral, geo-morphological and zoological significance, it was declared as a National park in 1978. 

The park is divided into 3 regions - the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. Visitors are allowed only to the tourism area which is in the Rajamala region. Trekking facilities are available here. Anamudi(2694 m), the highest peak, south of the Himalayas, is situated in the south of the park.Besides the Nilgiri tahr other important fauna are elephant, leopard, tiger, malabar civet, sambar, barking deer, nilgai, langur, phyhon etc. The birds found are imperial pigeon, grey jungle fowl etc.  


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